1. TEXT AND TYPE AREA (Margins)
This one basic requirement must be adhered to:
Type area on a page is standard Letter(24x16 cm). All text should be fully justified. Margins for this type area: top 3.0 cm, bottom 2.5cm left 2.5 cm and right 2.5 cm
2. TITLES FORMAT
- Paper Title: CAPITAL LETTERS, BOLD, 12 point type (Times Roman)
- Author(s):CAPITAL LETTERS, BOLD, 10 point type (Times Roman)
- Affiliation(s): Capitalize Each Word case, 10 point type (Times Roman)
- Heading: BOLD CAPITAL LETTERS. 11 point type (Times Roman)
- Sub Head (if applicable): Capitalize Each Word case, 10 point (Times Roman)
- Leave 1.5 line spaces between title and author names/affiliation.
- Your chapter should begin with a brief Abstract and keywords.
- Paper Title, Author Names/Affiliations, Abstract and Keywords should be in single column format followed by the rest of the paper in Single column format.
- Title page is generally a separate page and comes before the text of the manuscript. It should include following details in the given format & sequence:
Your chapter should begin with a brief Abstract and keywords.
Paper Title, Author Names/Affiliations, Abstract and Keywords should be in single column format followed by the rest of the paper in Single column format.
Type the Title of Paper
First Author1, Second Author2, Third Author3
- Department, Name of College /Institution /Organization, State, Country Email address
- Department, Name of College /Institution / Organization, State, Country Email address
- Department, Name of College /Institution /Organization, State, Country Email address
Text type should be 10 point Times Roman. Text should be 1.5 lines spaced. First line of all paragraphs should be indented and there should be one line gap between consecutive paragraphs.
4. HEADS / SUB HEADS
Levels of subheads should be easily distinguishable from each other with the use of numbers. There should be one line spaces before each subhead and one line space after each subhead.
Examples of Subhead Style:
l. FIRST LEVEL HEAD: (11 point bold, upper case, numbered )
1.1. Second Level Subhead: (10 point bold, first letter capital case, numbered)
1.1.1. Third level subhead: (10 point bold, lower case, flush left)
Use FIRST LEVEL SUBHEAD for section headings.
5. ORDER OF THE CONTENT
The order of the content must be as per following sequence:
- Title Page with Authors details (Including emails and affiliations)
- Abstract & Keywords
- Methods, if applicable / any
- Conflict of Interest
- Acknowledgements, if applicable
- Appendices (if applicable)
The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and conclusions. The abstract should be 300 to 500 words in length. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.
7. FIGURES (Line Art Drawings) AND TABLES
Figures and tables may appear printed directly in the text and should be black and white or grayscale. Figure should appear soon after the citation in the text or if it is too large at the end of the manuscript.
Legends/Captions for figures. Text type should be 9 point Times Roman italic (e.g.; Figure 1. Caption). A caption should be provided for each figure. The legend should be typed into the manuscript, directly beneath the figure. Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text. Legends are to be listed in numerical order, labeled as “Figure 1”, “Figure 2”, etc.
Indent tables slightly from the left margin, if it is necessary to use the full width of the page. Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph forms or repeated in the text.
Titles/Captions for tables
The table caption should be typed to the width of the table itself and typed above the table. Text type of table caption should be 9 point Times Roman italic (e.g., Table 1.Caption). Number the titles of the tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text. Be sure that each table caption is headed as “Table 1”, “Table 2”, etc., within each chapter.
Both figures and tables must be cited in the text.
Results should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the author(s)'s experiments. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the results but should be put into the discussion section.
The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be combined.
For PhD Thesis
- References text type should be 10 point (Times Roman).
a.In the text:
Cite references with author name/s and year of publication in parentheses -
– One author: (Miller, 1991)/ Miller (1991)
– Two authors: (Miller and Smith, 1994)/ Miller and Smith (1994)
– Three authors or more: (Miller et al., 1995)/ Miller et al. (1995)
In the event that an author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the works.
References must be according to APA style guidelines
- For Book
- Brown B, Aaron M (2001). The politics of nature. In: Smith J (ed) The rise of modern genomics, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York, p 234–295
- Book, authored
South J, Blass B (2001). The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London
- Book, edited
Smith J and Brown B (eds) (2001). The demise of modern genomics. Blackwell, London
- Chapter in a book in a series with volume titles
Smith SE (1976). Neuromuscular blocking drugs in man. In: Zaimis E (ed) Neuromuscular junction. Handbook of experimental pharmacology, vol 42. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 593–660
a. Mcdonalds, A (1991). Practical dissertation title (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
Article in a Journal
- Rottweiler, FT (1987). Detroit and Narnia: Two foes on the brink of destruction. Canadian/American Studies Journal, 54, 66–146
- Rottweiler, FT and Beauchemin, JL (1987). Detroit and Narnia: Two foes on the brink of destruction. Canadian/American Studies Journal, 54, 66–146
- Rottweiler, FT, Beauchemin, JL and Roiter, MF (1987). Detroit and Narnia: Two foes on the brink of destruction. Canadian/American Studies Journal, 54, 66–146
- From Websites:
- McDonald, C, and Chenoweth, L (2009). Leadership: A crucial ingredient in unstable times. Social Work & Society, 7.
- Retrieved from http://www.socwork.net/2009/1/articles/mcdonaldchenoweth
a. Aaron M (1999). The future of genomics. In: Williams H (ed) Proceedings of the genomic researchers, Boston, 1999
Plagiarism is defined as the unacknowledged use of the work of others as if this were your own original work.
Examples of plagiarism
Copying and pasting from the Internet and posting somewhere else without proper citation
Mentioning your name on another person’s essay or project
Copying exact wording - verbatim - from another individual’s work / text
Using another person’s tables, diagram, photo or ideas without proper references / citations
Purchasing another person’s text and using it as your own
By submitting paper for publication to the journal, Scholar (s) / Author(s) certify that
I/We know that plagiarism is the use of another person’s idea or published work and to pretend that it is one’s own.
I/We are fully aware that plagiarism is wrong.
I/We declare that each contribution to your project from the work(s) of other peoples published works or unpublished sources have been acknowledged and source ofinformation have been referenced.
I/We certify that you are solely responsible for any incomplete reference that may remain in my/our work.
I have read and understood the rules on plagiarism. I hereby declare that this piece of written work is the result of my own independent scholarly work, and that in all cases material from the work of others is acknowledged, and quotations and paraphrases are clearly indicated.
No material other than that listed has been used. This written work has not previously yet been published.
Submission declaration and verification
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously or it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
Changes to authorship
Author (s) are expected to consider carefully the list and order of the authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the Editorial Committee.